The global market for industrial enzymes was USD 4,112 million in 2013 and is expected to increase to USD 7,652 million by 2020, growing at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 8.3% from 2014 to 2020.
Alpha-AmylaseAlpha-Amylase, an enzyme that hydrolyses polysaccharides, such as starch and glycogen, to glucose and maltose.
Commercially important enzymes and their end use is given in the following table.
|Glucoamylase||Juice industry, Breweries|
|Alpha-amylase / Protease / Betaglucanase||Brewing industry|
|Pullulanase / Amyloglucosidase||Starch industry|
|Phospholipase||Starch industry, Dairy|
|Glucose Oxidase||Baking industry|
|Lipase||Oils and fats industry, Pasta / Noodles, Baking, Dairy, Leather|
|Alpha-amylase||Starch industry, Starch based sweeteners|
|Protease||Meat industry, Detergents, Animal feed industry|
|Carbohydrase / Lipase||Baking industry|
|Subtilisin||Leather industry, Paper, textile|
|Xylanase||Protein Hydrolysis, Starch|
|Cellobiose Oxidase||Dairy industry|
|Pectin lyase / Polygalacturonase||Juice industry|
|Glucoamylase / Alpha-amylase / Protease||Alcohol industry|
|Cellulase||Textile industry, Biomass to sugars, paper|
|Phytase||Animal feed industry|
In the case of manufacturing Industrial Enzymes, a majority of the clones needed for expressions of individual enzymes are available commercially. Unlike the enzymes of Eicosanoid Cascade, which require an absolute purity, the industrial enzymes are generally sold with lesser purity than the enzymes of Eicosanoid Cascade. Solid-state fermentation (SSF) holds tremendous potential for the production of industrial enzymes. It is of special interest concerning those processes in which the crude fermented product is able to be used directly as the source for the enzymes.
The multiple advantages for this system outweigh the advantages of submerged fermentation, with the inclusion of high volumetric productivity, relatively more concentrated products, minor effluent generation, along with the requirement of simple fermentation equipment. Individual enzymes will be generated in 1000 unit batches at a time from a single fermentation reaction. Depending upon the nature of enzyme purity required by the customers, these enzymes will be subjected to various preparative chromatographic steps. The enzymes will be stored in 50 to 500 unit aliquots and stored at -20°C before being shipped.